Cost of Living – Africa July 2012

The oil rich countries of Angola and Nigeria are the most expensive places to live for expatriates in Africa. Luanda is Africa’s most expensive place to live in July 2012, overall. Luanda is followed by Abuja and Lagos in Nigeria.

Moscow is the worlds most expensive based on the cost of living excluding the housing, education, healthcare and transport baskets, while Bangui in the Central African Republic is most expensive in Africa on this basis. Many companies cover these costs on behalf of the employee while on international assignments.

The worlds most expensive place to live, based on the overall cost of living, encompassing all cost of living baskets is Hong Kong having overtaken Tokyo to top the latest international cost of living rankings.

The rankings are based on data collected for 780 international locations, covering every country world-wide.

The cost of living (COL) data collected is representative of an expatriate lifestyle. The components of the COL data are local prices for fixed quantities of the same goods and services in each location, local inflation and exchange rates. Prices in each location are affected by availability (i.e. supply & demand) as well as local pricing regulations and taxes on goods and services (e.g.premiums on luxury brands). Local inflation is usually representative of local price increases which in turn impacts an expatriates purchasing power in the host country. The exchange rate impacts both the price of imports to the host country and the expatriate assignment salary calculation between the home and host country. The cost of living has a significant impact on the purchasing power of an expatriate’s salary package.

Luanda, which is the 24th most expensive place in the world to live, has an overall cost of living index of 116.01. By contrast the overall global most expensive place to live, Hong Kong, has an overall cost of living index of 149.14, followed by Tokyo with 142.12, and Zurich with 137.12.  The overall index is comprised of 13 different basket groups. The assumption using the overall index is that everything is paid from the salary package. In addition, the cost of living calculations are weighted according to typical monthly international expatriate spending patterns. The Household Accommodation Basket for example, has a weighting of 30%, while the Groceries Basket has a weighting of 16.5%. That means that an international expatriate who, for example, earns 10,000 would typically spend 3,000 (30% of 10,000) on housing and 1,650 on groceries.

To provide an assignee, sent from a low cost of living country to a more expensive country, with a similar purchasing power to what they have in their home country, requires an adjustment to their assignment salary. The amount of adjustment depends on which country they come from. The larger the difference in cost of living, the larger the adjustment required to ensure a similar level of purchasing power in the host country.

Luanda’s overall cost of living index of 116.01 is similar to cities such as Brisbane, Copenhagen and Kobe in Japan. In comparison London is 1.5% more expensive, New York 14% cheaper and Cape Town 22% cheaper than Luanda.

Luanda is particularly expensive for restaurants, meals out and hotels. For example a cappucino costs around 4.40 USD in Luanda and around 3.70 AUD/USD in Brisbane. Household accommodation is also expensive in Luanda. For example a 3 bedroomed apartment in Luanda costs around 7,000 USD rent per month compared to Copenhagen at around 1,900 EUR / 2,400 USD per month. Not everything in Luanda is expensive. For example a litre of petrol which costs around 0.60 USD in Luanda costs around 190 JPY / 2.40 USD in Kobe in Japan.

Cost of Living Rank – Africa Locations – Top 10 Overall Cost of Living & All Baskets (Highest to Lowest):

  1. Angola, Luanda
  2. Nigeria, Abuja
  3. Nigeria, Lagos
  4. Nigeria, Kano
  5. Nigeria, Ibadan
  6. Sudan, Khartoum
  7. Equatorial Guinea, Malabo
  8. Malawi, Lilongwe
  9. Central African Republic, Bangui
  10. Saint Helena, Jamestown

For the full cost of living ranking list go here.

Cost of Living Rank – Africa Locations – Top 10  Excluding Housing, Education, Healthcare and Transport Baskets (Highest to Lowest):

  1. Central African Republic, Bangui
  2. Eritrea, Asmara
  3. Nigeria, Lagos
  4. Nigeria, Abuja
  5. Angola, Luanda
  6. Congo, Brazzaville
  7. Senegal, Dakar
  8. Nigeria, Kano
  9. Nigeria, Ibadan
  10. Gabon, Libreville

For the full cost of living ranking list go here.

About’s Cost of Living Data’s cost of living data is based on prices for the same quantity and quality of goods and services, representative of expatriate lifestyle, in each city. The data is collected and updated on a quarterly basis. The cost of living data is used by clients to calculate salary purchasing power parity, cost of living allowances, and customized (i.e. clients can select their own base city) cost of living indexes for expatriate assignments online, using’s 3 premium content calculators.

The 13 basket groups do not count equally and are weighted according to expatriate expenditure norms as follows (weighting percentage is in brackets):
1. Alcohol & Tobacco (2%): Alcoholic beverages and tobacco products.
2. Clothing (2.5%): Clothing and footwear products.
3. Communication (2%): Telephone, Internet, Mobile Contract and Calls.
4. Education (5%): Creche Fees, School Fees, College Fees, and Tertiary Study Fees.
5. Furniture & Appliances (5%): Furniture, household equipment and appliances.
6. Groceries (16.5%): Food, non-alcoholic beverages and cleaning materials.
7. Healthcare (5%): Doctor Consultation rates, Private Ward Rate, Prescription Medicine, and Private Medical Insurance Contributions.
8. Household (30%): Housing rental, utilities, local rates and residential taxes.
9. Miscellaneous (3%): Stationary, Linen and general goods and services.
10. Personal Care (3%): Personal Care products and services.
11. Recreation & Culture (6%): Books, Camera Film, Cinema Ticket, DVD and CD’s, Sports goods, Theatre Tickets.
12. Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels (2%): Dinner at Restaurant (non fast food), Hotel Rates, Take Away, Drinks & Snacks (fast Food).
13. Transport (18%): Public Transport, Vehicle Costs, Vehicle Fuel, Vehicle Insurance and Vehicle Maintenance.

About is the most comprehensive source of international cost of living information. We provide free international cost of living overviews and rank information covering 13 cost of living baskets and every country around the world as well as premium content calculators.
Founded in 2007,’s mission is to organize the world’s cost of living indices, exchange rates and relative hardship indices and make it accessible and useful to all.

This article may be freely copied as long as reference is made to

About Xpatulator is a website that provides international cost of living information and calculators that can help you determine cost of living indexes, cost of living allowances, salary purchasing power and international assignment packages to compensate for cost of living, hardship, and exchange rate differences.
This entry was posted in COLA, COLI, cost of living allowance, cost of living calculator, International Cost of Living and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.